Download Epub Format ✓ Northern Lights / The Subtle Knife / The Amber Spyglass PDF by ✓ Philip Pullman Great fantasy, amazing story I think of all three books, I loved the first one Northern Lights the most because it introduced me to this amazing world, and it felt the most wintry to me with its polar bears, snow and magic That being said, the two other books, The Subtle Knife and The Amber Spyglass , were really good as well, and especially the second book kept my interest peaked This is one of those series that is written for children on the surface, but that is highly relevant and readable for adults as well as it contains layer upon layer of meaning and symbolism I m sure that you can read this trilogy again and again and still constantly discover new things I certainly felt like a was missing out on a lot while reading just because so many things happened, and I knew there was to them than what I realized I was constantly surprised at how intricate this series is and how relevant it is to everyone in our world It might be fantasy, but it is definitely true as well This is a children s classic and I m obviously not a child any But still, I m very happy that I finally got around to reading this trilogy that so many people hold close to their hearts.
Could you imagine a story that weaves history, quantum physics, theology, cosmology, trepanning, shamanism, love and the seriousness of adolescence into a coherent narrative I could not Yet Phillip Pullman has done just that, and a world This wonderful trilogy will lead you along a most unlikely path through some of the biggest questions of life in philosophy, religion, history, science, and not least literature That it does so as a masterful, child accessible and wholly engaging story is a feat of imagination and storycraft easily on par with Madeleine L Engle s classic A Wrinkle In Time and its sequels The book has recently won an award for being the best children s book in the last 70 years I am inclined to agree.
The first book, The Golden Compass, features the adventures of 11 year old Lyra Belacqua, a precocious hooligan in a world almost but not quite ours, and the eponymous mechanism around which much of the story s plot is based By itself, it might seem like a bit of a flighty read fun, engaging, imaginative, but a bit strange at times, slyly heretical, even gruesome, leaving one to wonder What is this really about Some critics mostly of the sort that would have books like The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn banned have come to the shallow conclusion that the series is nothing but a vessel for diatribe against certain religions institutions, never named but nevertheless obvious in reference While Pullman shows a certain wicked zeal himself in creating a world in which wicked zealotry is as obvious and as taken for granted as political corruption in our own, his purpose is far grander than any partisan attack on stale religion Rest assured, dear reader, every scene in the book is building towards a conflict simultaneously metaphysical and worldly which is only fully revealed in the third book The Subtle Knife introduces Will, a boy of unquestionable grit who is destined to become Lyra s companion Will hails from our world, but unexpectedly finds himself in a welter of parallel worlds, where he comes into possession of a knife This knife has two edges the first edge can cut any material in the world, while the reverse edge is subtle still , according to the knife s guardian The knife quickly becomes the focus of a conflict that not only transcends worlds, but also intersects Will s troubled home life in a profoundly personal way As new characters and new revelations enter the story, Will and Lyra come to realize that their struggles are part of something much, much larger.
The third volume, The Amber Spyglass, brings into view the literally cosmic scope of a battle that centers on Will, Lyra, and the strange objects in their possession The volume builds to a literally universe shaking climax, as pivotal events never fail to surprise and yet mesh perfectly with the grand flow of the story I will say no , lest I spoil any of the surprises, except to reiterate that for once I agree wholeheartedly with the critics this series, and in particular its masterful conclusion, is transcendent, magnificent, and astonishing.
The Golden Compass, The Subtle Knife, And The Amber Spyglass Are Available Together In One Volume Perfect For Any Fan Or Newcomer To This Modern Fantasy Classic SeriesThese Thrilling Adventures Tell The Story Of Lyra And Will Two Ordinary Children On A Perilous Journey Through Shimmering Haunted Otherworlds They Will Meet Witches And Ard Bears, Fallen Angels And Soul Eating Specters And In The End, The Fate Of Both The Living And The Dead Will Rely On ThemPhillip Pullman S Spellbinding His Dark Materials Trilogy Has Captivated Readers For Over Twenty Years And Won Acclaim At Every Turn It Will Have You Questioning Everything You Know About Your World And Wondering What Really Lies Just Out Of Reach In just under a month La Belle Sauvage The Book of Dust 1 will be released, so I thought I d do a summative review of my experience with this trilogy Here s what I thought of each book, I read them over a period of four years and my reviews are what I thought at the time they ve not been edited since Book 1 The Golden Compass 5 This novel is an absolute work of pure genius, and is in my top ten reads of all time Before I go into the depths of character and plot, let me start by saying this book is up there with other fantasy hard hitters by this I mean books like The Lord of the Rings and The Chronicles of Narnia the books that define the genre This is high praise indeed, and this novel is worthy of it The protagonist of the book is Lyra, a young girl, who is parentless and seemingly friendless She has grown up in an Oxford College and has developed a detachment to her guardians She spends her days enjoying her youth and harassing those that turn out to be some of her greatest allies For her, this book is a journey of self discovery a way of exploring the limits of her character and potential Her adventure sees her befriend an armoured polar bear and become the wielder of the golden compass This is initially described as a lie detector but it is apparent that the depths of its power have not been fully explored It lay heavily in her hands,the crystal face gleaming, the brass body exquisitely machined It was very much like a clock, or a compass, for there were hands pointing around the dial, but instead of the hours or the points of a compass there were several little pictures with extraordinary precision, as if on ivory with the slenderest sable brush She turned the dial around to look at them all There was an anchor an hourglass surmounted by a skull a bull, a beehive.
Thirty six altogether and she couldn t even guess what they meant This book retains all the classic elements of fantasy magic, mythical creatures and supernatural phenomena The world Pullman has created is physically intertwined with our own there are references to cities and countries in which his idea has been planted Each human has a daemon that is essentially their soul These take on the form of an animal that is representative of the person, for example someone who is enthusiastic and friendly has a colourful cat whereas as solider has a wolf or a hound The author does very little to explain this It is just thing thing that we are told about at the start but through the book but we begin to see the significance of it The fact that children s daemons change is a subtle hint how children can be influenced and have not found their identity where as adults are secure and confident In this the author has created an air of mystery as we explore the true meaning of the bond as we read further The plot is fantastic The author manages to surprise the reader on several occasions as he drops several, massive plot turns This sees the story go into unexpected directions From the beginning of reading a book, you begin to predict what will happen Some books are completely predictable and obvious in their direction this one was not I physically gasped at some moments as I found myself awed by the author s storytelling this is when several characters origins, in relation to Lyra are defined The book begins as a simple rescue mission but ends as a story that is questioning the morals of all characters involved The fate of the characters is destined in the mysteriousness of the northern lights the gateway to beyond This is one of those books that is applicable to all ages it originally appears to be a children s book, but it can be enjoyed by anyone Much of the content in here touches on themes that most children would not comprehend fully, never mind be able to philosophise about The author considers spirituality, religion, morals and the existence of the soul, amongst other things Most children would not pick up on these references and understand the significance of them however, they would still adore the book.
The book can be seen as two separate entities existing at the same time the first, and most obvious, is the one that appeals to children the saving of innocents from despotic adults with lots of exciting characters The second is on a deeper scale the author explores the conflicting powers of science and religion, manipulation and morality in terms of actions being for a greater good In this the author is a genius, he has wrote a book that can be both a children s bed time read and an adult s point of pondering Book 2 The Subtle Knife 3 When I read this the first time I completely overlooked a main component of the book I approached it as if was the second book in the series, a massive mistake I wrote a review criticising the fact that the novel felt awkward it had no beginning or end it just felt like the typical content you d find in the middle of the story The ironic point of this is that most critics take the trilogy as one whole book, rather than three separate works And this really is the best way to approach the storyThe Golden Compassis the beginning of it all, the setting of the stage This, then, is the middling part of the work The second protagonist of the series, the Adam to Pullman s Eve, takes the lead here Initially, I was very resistant to this idea I had grown to respect Lyra she s a really strong heroine, but after a while it started to make sense Pullman has expanded his story considerably Lyra has three chapters told from her perspective The same amount, roughly speaking, is told from the perspective of Will The rest of the chapters are from side characters of the previous book So there s a strong move away from a Lyra centred story I have mixed feeling about this It felt like an odd authorial decision At times this felt like an entirely different series altogether, again, something I eventually got over There is no sense of closure at the end of this The first book had a strong ending, but this has very little This book seemed to be a mere set up for the next instalment, which makes it rather difficult to review it s like picking out the middle bit of a story and trying to criticise it as a separate entity from the rest of it it s not easy to do Any criticism you make are negated by the fact that this is not a separate book it s a chunk of a greater work So I m going to read the third book before I speak any about this I need to see where these elements Pullman added go to Perhaps a review of all three works together would be the best option At this moment though, I find the witches one of the most interesting aspects of the work I m not entirely sure what to make of them as of yet Hopefully, the third book will give me all the answers I need All through that day the witches came, like flakes of black snow on the wings of a storm, filling the skies with the darting flutter of their silk and the swish of air through the needles of their cloud pine branches Men who hunted in the dripping forests or fished among melting ice floes heard the sky wide whisper through the fog, and if the sky was clear they would look up to see the witches flying, like scraps of darkness drifting on a secret tide Book 3 The Amber Spyglass 3 I ve been putting this book off for almost four years I ve been truly terrified to read it for such a long time The first book, The Golden Compass, is one of the best fantasy novels I have ever read I adore it The second book is something else entirely I was horrified when I read it and truly disgusted with the unexpected direction the series took I did not want to read this one because I did not want my memories of the first book shattered completely So I finally picked it up and I approached it expecting to hate the thing I expected it to be worse than the second book, but my expectations were unfounded The biggest problem this trilogy has is the fact that it s not really a trilogy It s essentially one big book, one story Each book is not self contained but needs to be read in sequence they are not structured like individual books the story keeps flowing to the last page And this book, whilst nowhere near the same level of mastery the first book possessed, was not entirely bad It managed to piece everything together quite nicely, but this series had the potential to do so much.
I was delighted with the first book, for many reasons One of the main things that impressed me was the strength of its protagonist She s a very young girl who is very much human She is not a messiah figure and was prone to make mistakes but she was also capable of moments of real brilliance I rooted for her I wanted to see her grow and conquer those that would seek to use her for their own ends She had power in her With the introduction of Will she took a backseat in the story, he became the main hero and overshadowed her completely She seemed happy to follow his lead and became subservient to his decisions This was a big mistake Whilst Will did actually develop some personality in this book, it was at the tragic cost of Lyra s Pullman seemed unable to balance the two personalities together without one unfortunately dominating the other And the ending they pushed towards was so very how shall I put this closed It was not the ending this series needed I feel that Pullman sacrificed the situation he had blooming to fit the writing into the allegory he had been devising since the first book It became too forced, one the story would have been much stronger if it was allowed to breathe and go where it needed to go The redemptive themes towards the end seemed drastically out of place Two characters that clearly didn t care much unexpectedly had a change of heart I found it a little unbelievable You may wonder why I even bothered to give it three stars I m wondering that myself I think a lot of it has to do with Iorek Byrnison He was in the last book, and his presence here helped pull the story up in my estimation But His Dark Materials will always be a series that ruined its own potential I m excited to read the new book, but I m also a little bit nervous I m not sure if I will actually like it I have very mixed feelings about this trilogy as, if you read my reviews here, you can probably tell The start was spectacular, but then it went in places I didn t think it should go I know man readers agree with me, but there are also many who love the series as it is I hate the direction it took and I hate how the female protagonist was a shadow of her former self by the end, dominated by Will s personality Four stars is a very fair rating I think for the series as a whole is my opinion The initial brilliance was distorted as the series expanded, but in reality all it did was detract the magic and limit the power of the storytelling I will approach the new book with an open mind, and I hope that it is as fantastic as it could be.
So, this is a bind up of all three books in this series and it s a reread for me I first read these when I was very young maybe 11 12 and I remember absolutely loving them This still remains true to this day and they are excellent books the second time through too Also, being 10 years older now than when I first read it helped me to notice a lot of the subtle references to religion, souls, sex, body image and so on None of these were things I was even considering when I was young, but now these things become a vital part of the story, making this book one which bridges the gap between fun for kids and interesting for adults.
This is the story of Lyra, and later Will They are both children, one from an alternative world Lyra where they have deamons which act as an eternal companion and soul, and one from our world Will We meet only Lyra in book 1 but by book 2 and 3 we have a lot of Will s involvement too and it quickly becomes a series about friendship, strength of character, love and adventure.
The character and worlds within this feel very genuine and expansive and I definitely connected with some truly horrific moments of the plot and felt deep sorrow, joy and sadness for the different characters at differing moments.
On the whole and excellent one to reread and a solid 4.
5 s on the reread becuase of all the new things I picked up and loved the second time through Highly recommended The first sentence that came to my mind after finishing this book was anyone who would give this novel less than five stars has to be either a philistine, a charlatan, or a cynic To add to that a cynic grown so dull with the slop of the world that they have been rendered unable to see the raw charm of these characters Lyra and Will, and the amazing sad kind of beauty that comes with making the irreversible passage from childhood to adulthood Pullman is able to weave together in the thread of this narrative so many aspects of our worldly existence, including physics, evolution, literature, intraspective thinking or meditative quieting of the mind, I m not sure what to call it , religion, adolescence, and first love into a story that has all the charm and imaginative freedom of a fantasy work Perhaps these themes could have been addressed without talking bears and animal daemon companions, but the wonder of being able to explore this kind of magical world is what people who enjoy fantasy love about the genre There are depths here to reward rereading of this novel many times throughout one s life, and it deserves to be shared with anyone who is sensitive, intelligent, and curious about the world around them The story itself is thrilling at times, but there is such richness here in ideas that one does not feel the need to plow through the novel in order to find out about what happens in the plot The chapters allow one to rest and think, and to feel the weight of what the characters are confronting in the deepest part of oneself An amazing work that impressed me and as I read through it It truly felt like I went along in a journey that mattered, and will be sorry if the virtues and ideals I saw played out in this work aren t made a model for myself in real life as well.
I don t guess you could call this the Gold Standard of classic fantasy literature, that probably goes to Harry Potter, but His Dark Materials soars in that same stratosphere It is so brilliantly conceived, so intricately constructed, and so well written that it leaves one in awe of Pulliam s achievement This trilogy is composed of three separately published volumes, Northern Lights The Golden Compass in North America 1995 , The Subtle Knife 1997 , and The Amber Spyglass 2000 A sequel, or companion book, titled The Book of Dust is due to be published in 2017.
The trilogy is categorized as for children and teens, but it is as much for adults as it s themes and views take on an anti religious, anti church point of view Many Christians denounced the book as atheism for kids However, Pulliam says it is about the dangers of strict, rigid religious doctrine and institutions than it is anti God or anti Faith Pulliam refers to himself as agnostic atheist.
Pulliam s primary influences for the book were the works of William Blake and John Milton s Paradise Lost It s actually a flipped over retelling of Paradise Lost.
I loved this book I gave it 5 stars and put it on my favorites shelf Wonderful characters like Lyra Belacqua and her daemon Pantalaimon, Will Parry, Lee Scoresby, and the great ard polar bear, Iorek Byrnison, and many The 2007 BBC Big read put it at 3, behind only The Lords of the Rings and Pride and Prejudice.
Spoilers below I read the first two books when they came out my middle school years but got tired of waiting for the third However, when this whole controversy over The Golden Compass film adaptation was started by the Christian right, I decided it was time to read the series again I simply didn t remember Philip Pullman s message about God and the Church disturbing me as a regularly church going 12 year old Sure, it made me think about what a corrupt church could do, but it all seemed hypothetical at the time and certainly didn t present any doubt that hadn t entered my mind before When various websites quoted Pullman as saying his books are about killing God, it just seemed to me like there was an obvious caveat to that, i.
e my books are about killing a God in a fictional universe where false authority is used to corrupt, control and destroy lives Now, having read all three books and knowing just a little bit about faith, religion and the history of Christianity, I can see why parents would be concerned but not why they would forbid their children from reading the books or watching the movies While Phillip Pullman is a known atheist and our world undeniably plays a part in Pullman s trilogy, the story is still fictional and Pullman s portrayal of God is just one many hypothetical possibilities God is killed in Pullman s trilogy, but one must distinguish between Pullman s depiction of the Authority and the Christian image of God Although Pullman s Authority is supposed to encompass all monotheistic and polytheistic beliefs in a god, God turns out to be just a corrupt angel and there is no one obvious creator But even in Lyra s adventures I could not see anything refuting what I call God an inexplicable higher force or reason behind all things Although Dust makes up all living things in this trilogy, there is no discussion of why Dust came to be, just that for Dust to remain people must live truthful and full lives So for me, it seems entirely consistent with my belief that there is an unseen God or higher uniting power in Lyra s universe that is ultimately good and has some relationship to Dust Pullman s books absolutely do not preclude what I call God, or even the God I think most Christians believe in Pullman does promote healthy skepticism and warns against blind faith and a failure to embrace life in this world, but if anything, I think his books would help parents talk to their children about these abstract and important issues So whether parenting from an atheistic standpoint or a strong Christian Muslim, Buddhist, etc perspective, I d encourage parents to let their children read the books if they desire to Just talk to them afterwards about it After all, helping children and young adults to try and understand the world around them and discover truth in whatever form they ultimately find it, is never a bad thing and is actually a necessary part of the process of achieving a deeper faith By the time a person is old enough to understand any anti religion message in these books, he is old enough to start critically evaluating his belief system.
Until recently, this series had somehow flown under my radar It wasn t until I saw the trailer for the upcoming The Golden Compass movie that I was introduced to Lyra s world The trailer made the movie look AMAZING, so naturally as I always do , I thought I MUST read this book His Dark Materials creates a beautiful, vibrant world with characters as deep as if you had known them your whole life The books themselves deal with heavy subjects Nuclear Physics, Parallel Worlds, Quantum Particles and Theology snuggle right up against equally introspective looks at Love, Friendship, Loyalty, Family and Honor Quite frequently, I found myself looking at the cover of these books again and again to ensure that I was indeed reading a children s novel When did this genre get so deep I don t remember reading anything this remarkable when I was younger No offense to you, Encyclopedia Brown, my dear friend.
While I hesitate to compare to Potter, I want to point out one main difference which I think is very important to anyone thinking about purchasing this series for their intrepid young reader.
while HP deals with the strong ideals of good vs evil, HDM leans heavily into the actual concepts of both, dissecting each, questioning the origins, challenging the pedestals each stand on In HP, evil is simply evil HDM doesn t assume any such nonsense If there is evil, it forces the reader to consider why they think that something is evil Is it really Or are you just looking at it from a different perspective Also.
for those who thought the HP series was too religious, reader beware of the HDM series Pullman isn t vague He labels his players in the battle of good vs evil calling the church, the creator and religions out by name Note this example In book three, this sentence appears The Christian religion is a very powerful and convincing mistake, that s all Again I wondered if this was merely an adult book cloaked in child s clothing as I lapped up every word I thought that the struggles between the Church, The Authority, the Creator, Dust, The Council etc were deep but thoroughly engrossing I embraced how Pullman questioned the very beginnings of organized religion and of the creator himself He turned everything on its ear Ghosts, Angels, Witches and even Death He is essentially challenging every reader, regardless of age, to look at the world around you Why do we trust, why do we believe, what is faith, what is truth Maybe things are different than what they seem Perhaps there is out there than our extremely limited view of physics, theology and cosmology is currently telling us Maybe the world isn t round after all Maybe it s infinitely layered and unbearably beautiful than we ever knew I m putting this in my top five for now Those of you who know me know that this category fluctuates a bit here and there New favorite reads come along, old one s fade away as I forget why I loved the world it painted for me But for now, this series goes in my five Because, as with every other book in my top five, the characters stayed with me long after I closed the back cover I cared about them, I felt like I had made new friends and was physically sad to say goodbye to them And THAT is what makes a book better than just good That is what makes it endearingly wonderful, to the point that you carress the book s cover lovingly everytime you come across it And becomes one you would recommend to others without hesitation.
My hope was to have read and reviewed His Dark Materials trilogy before the film adaptation of the first third, The Golden Compass, came out last Friday And I would have too if it weren t for that sheer enormity of suckiness that was the third book in the series The Amber Spyglass sigh But then, life doesn t actually work out perfectly for us as often as we d like Sometimes there are earthquakes that level cities in Turkey Sometimes Spinach is found to test positive for Salmonella Sometimes a country introduces democracy to another And sometimes, just sometimes, Philip Pullman writes a book.
Now I don t want it to sound like the series is the worst ever written It s not It s not even the worst I ve ever read Not entirely anyway The fact is there are three books and they should be treated separately before we get to the series as a whole So then, to the review times three Oh yeah And there ll be some spoilers in there Not that it matters Seriously.
The Golden CompassA third of the way into Pullman s first installment of His Dark Materials, I was excited While Pullman wasn t the most eloquent of writers and his characters had yet to really develop at all, it was clear he had an exciting imagination and was as good at world building as nearly any fantasy author He had developed an alternate history for our world that while completely foreign was largely analogous to our own that it didn t seem like a different world entirely They have science and electricity and particle physics and everything they just call it by a different name.
The real joy and conceit of the series though is Pullman s use of daemons, animal expressions of every character s soul These familiars are constant companions of every human, expressing through their animal nature the nature and quality of their human companion And the daemons of children have yet to find a stabilized form and so flit forth and back and over and again through a host of forms from owl to ermine to tabby to dolphin to moth to monkey Et cetera.
Throughout the first book s clumsy storytelling, there is still something that approaches near to wonder Enough to satisfy some readers The first four fifths of the narrative are brisk and enjoyable, and the book only begins to falter when Lyra the heroine leaves the bear kingdom to meet her first act climax Pullman stumbles through an expository patch here and a finale that comes off as slightly less than readable The book, much like The Fellowship of the Ring ends without an ending, leaving the conclusion for future installments.
The Subtle KnifeTypically, the middle chapter in a trilogy is its weak point, so the greater turn toward mediocrity wasn t so worrisome and I didn t quite see in it the grave portent that I ought to have hindsight, eh The second installment introduces a hero into the mix Will, who is on the cusp of his teen years just like Lyra, actually hails from our world And through happy accident or fate or dull contrivance both finds himself in league with Lyra and the chosen wielder of a knife that can cut through the fabric between worlds The two team up and have a number of relatively dull adventures as we learn about the great war brewing between heaven and earth and about the prophecy that Lyra is to be the new Eve and that she is to perpetrate a great betrayal and the freedom of all the worlds is at stake Also introduced is an ex nun now particle physicist named Mary Malone who is prophesied to be the serpent tempter to Lyra s Eve.
An interesting set up for the final book despite being introduced by three hundred pages of boredom punctuated by moments of ingenuity and interest.
The Amber SpyglassBook three was just a mess It s almost nonsensical as it strives against reason and its own narrative to bring the story to some kind of resolution The great betrayal prophesied Not really a betrayal at all Lyra being tempted Never happens Mary playing the role of the serpent Nope She just kind of stands around Oh, and the big plan to take war to heaven and kill God Has nothing to do with anything in the story really Though they do end up killing the Enoch from some world The last 250 pages are baffling There is no climax The plot contrivances are painful I m not even sure what the point of the story was Things happen because in Pullman s mind they need to, not because it would make any sense for something to happen a certain way.
It s hard to believe it but this book was worse actually than The Da Vinci Code At least that was merely stupid This was stupid, senseless, and perhaps worst of all boring It s what I imagine Eragon would have been if I would have made it past page one hundred.
So then, as a whole His Dark Materials is bad news for readers From a moderately strong start it quickly turns into a preachy, meandering production of less than an infinite number of monkeys typing for slightly less than eternity This is probably what half those monkeys would hit upon after about a year and a half Pullman sets in motion things in volume one that never bear fruit He never satisfactorily explains the things that one would expect that he should have explained He provides no climax His narrative is a shambles He creates a character Father Gomez , sends him on a mission to kill Lyra, follows him around for an inordinate amount of time, and then kills him without there ever being a confrontation between himself and his prospective victim And then there are the mulefa Don t get me started.
Additionally, his characters are cardboard cutouts who express whichever motive Pullman decides is necessary no matter the fact that there is no reasonable expectation that these characters should behave so The aeronaut decides really out of the blue that he loves Lyra a girl he doesn t even really know like a daughter and will do anything to protect her The principle witch meets Mary Malone, talks with her for a few minutes, and then declares them sisters for life It s all just baffling Recently, having criticized those who expressed how well written the series is, I was put to notice that His Dark Materials has won a number of awards I find this a chilling revelation and it wasn t til I recalled that Left Behind was a phenomenal bestseller that I was comforted that this was just business as usual for a civilization that is so steeped in mediocrity that it awards the title of Greatness to that which dare not even approach the servant quarters of Greatness for fear of overstepping its bounds I think people want so badly to think highly of something, to think it the next whatever recently great thing comes to mind, that they abandon all sense of what is in order to do so.
Shame on Philip Pullman and shame on our society for encouraging such dreck Remember, if you praise it, it will be emulated.